FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Liam Denning for Bloomberg Gadfly:In Trump’s telling, the coal industry has been crushed by regulations aimed at curtailing mining and cutting emissions from burning it. And it’s true that, for example, investing in the equipment needed to satisfy tighter guidelines such as the Mercury and Air Toxics Standards does make coal less economical to its biggest customers, electricity generators, and has led to plants being closed. But the bigger threat is more prosaic: abundant natural gas from the shale boom.The trend of gas taking market share from coal began in earnest in 2009—which just happens to be when the cost of gas to produce electricity collapsed.While rolling back some environmental standards on coal-fired plants would likely help keep some more of them open, encouraging more fracking simultaneously would mean more cheap gas to keep taking away coal’s market share. That’s just competition. Now, it is possible that a Trump administration might also do its bit to encourage the construction of more plants to export liquefied natural gas, which would tend to push prices up, helping the miners. But as recent turmoil at Cheniere Energy shows, the global LNG market is glutted already. Moreover, by encouraging more fracking of shale, Trump’s policy would also tend to raise oil production, having the side effect of depressing global oil prices, which are in turn linked to LNG prices.Full item: Trump Can’t Make Coal and Fracking Great Again On the Blogs: Trump’s Simplistic Portrayal of the Coal Industry
Coal groups battle bailout tag, up lobbying efforts on ‘value’ FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Washington Examiner:The coal industry is ramping up a campaign this summer to erase the “bailout” label that has become synonymous with the Trump administration’s push to save economically ailing coal power plants, while reinforcing the case for keeping coal in the nation’s energy mix.“We are just trying to correct the record,” said Michelle Bloodworth, the newly appointed president and CEO of the pro-coal industry group American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity. Bloodworth’s group is upping its efforts this summer to reverse the characterizations that accounting for the value of the coal fleet would constitute a subsidy or government-backed bailout for the coal industry.A coalition of trade organizations representing every sector from oil and natural gas to solar panel manufacturers has opposed the idea of using either market-based incentives or rarely invoked emergency powers to keep coal plants from closing over the next three years.“We are trying to say, we don’t think it is” a bailout, said Bloodworth. “We think it’s more about ‘valuing,’ and that can be done in a market approach” that rewards “attributes” of coal plants that help the grid and consumers.The National Mining Association is also looking to draw support for keeping the nation’s coal fleet operational, blaming the markets for favoring one form of energy over another. “We are heading towards a reliability and resiliency crisis point of no return,” said an official with the mining trade group speaking on background.An additional 12,000 megawatts of coal-fired electricity is expected to close by the end of this year. “That’s enough capacity to power 8 million homes,” the official said. “We need decisive action to preserve the reliable, affordable energy that continues to slip away each day.”More: Coal groups dig in to save power plants
FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Reuters:From orderly rows of solar panels in a field in the West Bank to the chaotic rooftops of Gaza, Palestinians are hoping that harnessing the energy of the sun can reduce their dependence on Israel for electricity.The West Bank only gets around three-quarters of the power its 3 million people need, imported mostly from Israel and, to a far lesser extent, Jordan.In the Gaza Strip, power generation is so paltry that, even with imports from Israel and Egypt, it gets just one-third of what it needs – so the 2 million Gazans struggle on with an average of just four hours of electricity a day.Individuals have taken it on themselves to install solar panels, trailing cables down the side of buildings to keep fans whirring or to power televisions and other appliances.The number of panels in the enclave has increased four-fold in four years and they are now dotted on most rooftops and balcony on homes, schools, hospitals, shops, banks and mosques in a place where the sun shines 320 days a year.In Gaza’s Nusseirat refugee camp, Sabreen Abu Shawiesh said installing solar panels on the metal roof of her one-floor house had changed her family’s life: “We almost had no electricity, nowadays fans are working all day.”The sun may be free, but the technology is not, and Palestinians say their ability to import solar panels has been hampered by Israeli border controls.Entrepreneurs in Gaza say they have sometimes been banned from importing various kinds of batteries – including those used for solar power – by Israel, on the grounds that they might be used for military purposes.In the West Bank, ruled by President Mahmoud Abbas’s Western-backed Palestinian Authority, the public and private sectors have launched projects to diversify power sources to get cheaper electricity and more self-sufficiency.The Authority’s Palestinian Investment Fund (PIF) plans to build three solar farms and put solar energy into 500 schools. The three new plants will generate 22 megawatts per day. The West Bank needs 1,400 megawatts but currently only 1,100 megawatts are available.Larger solar projects would require more land but it is scarce because, under the Oslo peace accords of the mid-1990s, Israel retains control of much of the land of the West Bank.“We will be in a good position if we reach 5 or 10 per cent of the required electricity supply for Palestine in general from solar energy,” said Azem Bishara, chief executive officer of Massader, a subsidiary of the PIF.Bishara said Massader intended to invest $200 million in renewable energy over the next six years to generate an additional 200 megawatts.The Gaza Strip only has one power plant, which generated 140 megawatts in 1999 when it was built but now only produces 23 megawatts. The enclave imports 30 megawatts from Egypt and 120 from Israel. This is less than a third of the Strip’s daily needs – estimated at up to 600 megawatts a day.Last week the European Union completed Gaza’s biggest solar farm which will provide 0.5 megawatts per day to fuel the Southern Gaza Desalination Plant, also funded by the EU.More: Palestinians turn to the sun to reduce their power shortfall Palestine, perpetually short of electricity, turns to solar
GE moving ahead with larger, two-piece wind turbine blades FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Windpower Monthly:GE Renewable Energy has launched a new 5.3MW onshore turbine model with a 158-metre rotor.GE’s new 5.3MW turbine will offer the same 158-metre rotor as its 4.8MW model. The new model joins the previously unveiled 4.8MW model, with the same rotor, on GE’s Cypress platform.Its latest iteration will offer a 50% increase in annual energy production over GE’s 3MW platform, the company claimed. The new model will be designed for IEC S class wind speeds and, as with the 2MW and 3MW platforms, use a doubly-fed induction generator. Similar to the 4.8MW, GE’s new turbine will use a two-piece blade design, produced by its Danish subsidiary LM Wind Power.The new model cements GE as the market leader in both onshore and offshore markets in terms of turbine capacity, following the announcement of a 12MW offshore machine in February.GE’s onshore wind CEO, Pete McCabe, said: “The prototype Cypress 4.8-158 is currently under production at our Salzbergen facility in Germany and we are looking forward to deploying and commissioning it by the end of the year.More: GE launches 5.3MW onshore turbine
Colorado utility selects solar plus storage project to replace Drake coal-fired power plant FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享KOAA News:Colorado Springs Utilities customers will soon receive more of their electricity from the sun. The city-owned utility announced plans Wednesday for a 175-megawatt (MW) solar farm to be coupled with a 25 MW battery storage system, all built and installed by Boulder-based juwi Inc.“We are going to integrate the solar energy into the rest of our grid, and it can effectively provide energy for 55,000 homes in Colorado Springs,” said City Councilwoman Jill Gaebler, chair of the Colorado Springs Utilities Board of Directors.Coupling the solar array to a battery storage system adds resilience. Mark Marion, VP of Operations for juwi Inc. explained that system can still provide electricity overnight and on cloudy days. “The battery component gives some flexibility to Colorado Springs Utilities and how they manage their system,” explained Marion.The additional power will broaden the community’s renewable energy production to roughly 27% of Colorado Springs Utilities’ energy portfolio. It will also help to meet the new state-mandated 80% carbon reduction by the year 2030.In late June, the CSU Board passed an updated Integrated Energy Resource Plan that will speed up the decommissioning of the coal-fired Martin Drake power plant in downtown.“Because of that goal, we will be closing Drake Power Plant probably no later than 2023, and likely to be closed even sooner,” Gaebler said. “Coal is no longer cheap energy and so closing down that plant just makes financial sense for our ratepayers,” Gaebler added.[Andy Koen]More: New solar energy and battery facility coming to Colorado Springs Utilities
As the old candy bar jingle goes so does my persona as an ultra runner. When talking amongst other ultra runners I’m quite normal, perhaps slightly on the “wuss” side. Sub-marathon runners consider me to be a little over the top as they wait for me to come to my senses and return to “normal” distance running. And to non-runners I’m as lunatic fringe as you can get.This disparity hit home a couple weeks ago when I was helping my wife get ready for the start of her 12-hour race at the Black Mountain Monster. As all of the ultra freaks/runners congregated prior to the start, I heard them asking one another whether they were doing “just” the 12-hour race or the “full” 24 hours. Just 12 hours of running, really? I’ve heard this comparison before, especially at the Mount Mitchell Challenge where the Black Mountain Marathon, which takes place alongside the 40-miler, is considered the “fun run”. Nowhere but in the ultra world would a marathon distance be considered a fun run.The fact that distances are so relative from one runner to the next was never more apparent than last weekend. I hung around for one of Anne’s twenty-two 5k laps then I went home and did yard work. Then I went to a beer festival. Then I had dinner and chilled out at home for a couple hours. Then I made my way back to watch her last few 5k laps. That is quite a long day for any runner. Upon returning I still overheard more banter from ultra runners about how running the shorter distance of 12 hours was perfect training for upcoming longer distances!I’m quite used to the differences in how my running is viewed by others. Some get it and some do not. For those who don’t understand, I don’t feel like I owe any explanation, nor could I put it into words if I tried. I usually spend more time pleading my case for rest to other ultra runners who are always asking, what event is next? This usually coincides with some epic run for me that I have just completed.Speaking of which, a couple of weeks ago I finished the 65 mile Pitchell Challenge for the second time. My crew this time was a good friend who has never born witness to anything longer than a marathon. He was awesome help throughout my journey and was quite excited as he waited for me on the summit of Mt. Mitchell and eagerly described my accomplishment to a group of tourists.Later he told me that my 65-mile run didn’t seem to make any sense to those tourists. Apparently these folks thought that the hundred-yard hike from the parking lot to the tower was epic enough. I told my friend, welcome to my world — I’m an ultra nut.
Shake, rattle, and roll. Vibram could be bad for ya’ bones.Vibram Rattles the Bones, ApparentlyBarefoot running. The running trend to end all running trends. Bigger than interval training. Bigger than short shorts. Bigger than Jared Leto as Prefontaine. Everyone is doing it, or at least you know someone is doing it. But a study coming out in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise (Who gets this publication? Like, 3 people and their moms? Seriously, does this come in the mail?) says running in barefoot-mimicking shoes such as Vibram FiveFingers can increase the risk of foot bone injuries. While also backing up the claim that running in minimalist shoes, or none at all, can help strengthen leg and calf muscles, the stress on the bones was significant – especially for those just breaking into the trend. The conclusion was to ease into it even more gradually than the 10-week transition plan used in the study.A more comprehensive report on the report can be found at Runner’s World.U.S. Forest Service Changing Plans in PisgahThe U.S. Forest Service is revising the Nantahala and Pisgah National Forest Land and Resource Management Plan. The service is currently in the “Assessment” phase of the revision and will be collecting data and information on the current state of the forest, including public input at a series of meetings, before moving into the “Planning Period.” The plan was last updated in the mid-1990s, and obviously a lot has happened since then, so public input will be vital to how the Forest Service moves forward. There are a bunch of meetings coming up in March, so make sure you have a stake in the future of the forest by attending and letting your voice be heard. More on the revision and the meeting times, locations, etc. can be found on the Forest Service Website.Sierra Nevada Crushing It in N.C.Sierra Nevada’s new brewery on the banks of the French Broad in Mills River, N.C. will be the latest addition to the already renowned beer scene in and around Asheville. The state of the art facility is shaping up nicely according to their blog, with shiny equipment being installed around the clock. This is obviously great news for Asheville, but also for North Carolina and the East Coast in general where the fresh pale ale will flow like wine. Anyway, on their blog they have a pretty good rundown of what it takes to get a major brewery running and the priorities of building the facility from scratch.Check it out.
Your daily dose of outdoor news for June 19, the day Curt Flood was denied free agency by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1972. Although he lost the case and never played baseball again, Flood paved the way for professional athletes to have control over their careers and propelled professional sports into the upper echelon of the United States’ and world economies.Fracking in George Washington National ForestThe Southern Environmental Law Center (SELC) has launched a new website aimed at preventing fracking in Virginia’s George Washington National Forest (GWNF). At 1.1 million acres, GWNF is the largest national forest in the East and is a very popular spot for hiking, camping, mountain biking, and fishing, attracting over one million visitors a year to the Appalachian Trail, Crabtree Falls, Sherando Lake, etc. The U.S. Forest Service, which manages the forest, is revising its long-term management plan – mapping out forest activity for the next 10-15 years – which is due out in July. Originally, the draft plan called for the prohibition of horizontal drilling – the riskiest and most destructive form of fracking – but, according to the SELC, they changed their mind due to pressure from the gas industry, and are considering allowing horizontal drilling. The GWNF has never been had a large scale natural gas drilling operation on its lands. The main issues cited by the SELC involve the supply of drinking water for the Shenandoah Valley that comes out of the GSNF and the watersheds of the James and Potomac rivers.A Fishy Date NightThe bar scene? Overrated. Online dating? Over it. Blind dates? Puh-leeze. Despite the amount of social networks we have at our disposal, we seem to be more disconnected from our fellow humans than ever. Meeting people and getting a date are nearly impossible…until now. Fly fishing is the newest dating trend in western Pennsylvania, where the first Trout Trail Date Night was a smashing success last week. Sponsored by the Forbes Trail Trout Unlimited, the date night consisted of fly fishing instruction, casting for trout in the stocked pond, and dinner at the Foggy Mountain Lodge. No word on if any of the couples in attendance, ahem, cough, hooked up.James River Makes List, But Not the Good KindThe James River landed on the the list of America’s 11 Most Endangered Historic Places for 2013. While this may seem odd considering the James is neither a place really or historic in the traditional sense of a building, battlefield, etc., the river has its place among historically significant events, the biggest of which is the role it played in the founding of Virginia through the colonies at Jamestown and Williamsburg. The portion of the James river cited as endangered in the report is the Lower James as it runs into the Chesapeake Bay, which is one of the most historic places in both Virginia and the U.S. The report cites the proposed construction of a series of power lines and accompanying towers that would be strung across the river, impeding the sight lines, and putting a blot on the scenic natural beauty of the river. The power lines would also make it hard to immerse oneself in the living history museum of the Jamestown colony. The annual list is put together by the National Trust for historic Preservation.Speaking of rivers, here is a cool river project from a former Google employee, and yes, it involves maps.
Paddling is a unique and rewarding opportunity to experience the landscapes of nature. Watery trails snake through the wilderness, allowing outdoor enthusiasts to explore the beauty around them in a very organic way. In the spring, waterways are often swollen with fresh rain and white water routes are begging for a challenger. In the summer, paddling provides a great way to stay cool while experiencing an outdoor adventure. Even in the winter time there are amazing adventures to be had in places like Congaree National Park, a Lowcountry swamp that is best avoided in summertime but beautiful nonetheless. 1. Obed Wild and Scenic River, TennesseeThe experienced kayaker will find themselves drawn to the white rapids of the Obed Wild and Scenic River. Composed primarily of four streams – the Obed, Clear Creek, Daddy’s Creek and the Emory River – this NPS river offers both heart-pounding rapids and relaxing floats. At the rapids, elements of unpredictability such as hydraulics, navigating boulders, and waves known to build to heights of over ten feet will give seasoned paddlers the challenge they’ve been looking for. Daddy’s Creek Canyon is a two-mile-long canyon with swift class III – IV rapids that leads down to class II all the way to the Obed. The Clear Creek section has the cleanest water and the smoothest paddling opportunities. For the novice paddler, the stretch between Barnett Bridge and Jett Bridge is a popular spot.2. Chattahoochee River, GeorgiaThe Chattahoochee River is a popular place for paddlers to launch their canoes and kayaks and enjoy the day. Some paddlers, such as Robert Fuller, even see The Hooch as a chance to explore the entire length of the river system, from its source spring in North Georgia to the Gulf of Mexico, all in one go. But anyone can break down your paddling trip into segments, as there are several put ins along the river. The stretch from Buford Dam to Abbotts Bridge is a 13-mile section that will likely take about five to eight hours. A great short trip would be the stretch from Abbotts Bridge to Medlock Bridge, or from Medlock Bridge to Jones Bridge. Those sections only take about one to two hours.3. Great Falls on the Potomac, VirginiaJust outside our nation’s capital is a stretch of whitewater known as one of the deadliest whitewater rapids, and is therefore reserved for only the experienced paddlers. The Potomac River Gorge is a section of water with varying personalities throughout her 14-mile stretch of the Potomac River. The Great Falls section of the Potomac River Gorge is the most dangerous – and therefore, the most attractive to thrill-seekers looking to strong arm mother nature’s aquatic challenges. The danger lies in the places where the Potomac builds up speed and force as it spills through Mather Gorge, with several 20 foot waterfalls and a total 76-foot drop in elevation over a one-mile distance.4. Piscataway, MarylandPiscataway Park is located on the Atlantic Flyway, so as you enjoy your paddling trip, keep your eyes peeled for the beautiful types of birds that frequent the area. Anything from eagles and ospreys to warblers and jays can be spotted. This park offers a great creek great for meandering. It’s perfect for a relaxing day on the water, with plenty of opportunities to stop for a picnic and enjoy the scenic nature views.5. Captain John Smith Chesapeake, VirginiaThe Captain John Smith Chesapeake is part of the National Historic Trail, an official trail launched in 2007 that follows the routes of Captain John Smith’s explorations by water. The entire trail includes approximately 3,000 miles in parts of Virginia, Maryland, Delaware, and D.C. James River Water Trail section is a popular pick, because the boating tour follows three loops: the Upper Oxbow Loop, which goes from Richmond to Hopewell and follows scenic oxbow bends full of beautiful forests and shorelines; the Cypress Loop, which goes from Hopewell to Jamestown, and is characterized by unique cypress trees, historic plantations and a wildlife refuge; and the Oyster Loop, which goes from Jamestown to the developed waterfront section of Newport News.6. Congaree National Park, South CarolinaThis national park is a gorgeous place to visit, loaded with old growth hardwoods that tower into the sky. Canoeing and kayaking along Cedar Creek is a favorite activity in the park, where smooth waterways pass through a primeval forest with some of the tallest trees in eastern North America. Wildlife is abundant here, with otters, deer, turtles, and various types of birds. The Cedar Creek Canoe Trail is a 15-mile water trail that starts at Bannister’s Bridge and continues to the Congaree River. This is the perfect creek for both beginner and experienced paddlers, providing an excellent relaxing day on the water, and a unique way to explore nature.7. Gauley River National Recreation Area, West VirginiaScenic gorges and valleys host 25 miles of adrenaline-blasting Gauley River and six miles of the Meadow River for an experience you’ll never forget. The Gauley River boasts several heart-pumping class V rapids, and is considered to be one of the most adventurous white water experiences in the east. Every September, kayakers flock to the Gauley as water is released from Summersville Dam. The river drops 668 feet over the course of 25 miles, with more than 100 rapids through forests of oak, beech, yellow poplar, hemlock and dogwood.
Moving Forward “I hate to be the pessimist, but I don’t think anything will ever quantify what needs to be done,” Bailey said. “There’s no story that can be told, there’s nothing, no matter how big this is, no matter the hundreds of millions of dollars, there is still nothing compared to the profit that they have made and are still making. I think that the only thing that’s going to have an effect is shutting down this product and shutting down this company.” So far, the EPA has not set a national standard for the presence of PFAS chemicals in drinking water. The story of C8 and the DuPont plant in Parkersburg, W. Va. is a complicated one. It’s a story of lies and deceit, livelihoods and lives lost. It’s the story of a chemical that has remained in the environment for decades and the people dealing with its very real effects today. Although DuPont and other companies voluntarily discontinued their use of PFOA, replacements such as GenX have already been found in places like the Cape Fear River in North Carolina. In 1951, DuPont started using C8, a perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), at their plant in Parkersburg for the production of Teflon. This water, grease, and stain repellent coating has been used in a variety of products, including cookware, apparel, and upholstery. “All of them have very little health and safety data,” Andrews said. “The information we do have for some of those replacements is incredibly concerning. GenX is one of these replacement chemicals. Nearly a dozen studies indicated very similar health impacts as PFOA. I think some of those assumptions the EPA made over the last decade when allowing all these new chemicals on the market are really coming into question now in terms of the adequacy of that review. Our concern is that the bar was way too low.” “I love living up here in Northern Virginia, just far enough out of the city where I can walk outside of my house and not hear anything,” he said. Soon after Sue Bailey returned to work at the plant, DuPont transferred all female employees out of areas where they might come in contact with C8. In 2018, The Devil We Know premiered at the Sundance Film Festival. Although Bailey had seen pieces of the rough draft, it wasn’t until opening night that he saw the film in its entirety. Since then, the film has premiered all over the world and is now available for streaming on Netflix and Amazon. C8 is just one chemical under the family of chemicals known as per- or polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS). There are an estimated 4,800 chemicals in this family, although the Environmental Protection agency says that only 600 of those have been commercially active in the last ten years. “I was having conversations with my mother that were real,” Bailey said. “Nothing was ever staged. Some of the camera shots were staged but that was about it. That was real conversation, real concerns that I had with my son being born, about my father not being here. Just being able to talk to my dad to know what he felt during this point. Or thinking about what my mom had to go through. It was raw.” “The action plan seemed to be almost exactly the same as what the EPA said they were doing over a decade ago,” Andrews said. “Most of it was a plan to further study these chemicals, look into setting a drinking water limit. They laid out a lot of different options but really took no specific action on these chemicals. That’s the part that’s sorely needed here. Ultimately, we think that the companies and manufacturers that made and released these chemicals into the environment should be responsible for paying for the cleanup and clean drinking water.” One of those people, William “Bucky” Bailey, moved away from the Parkersburg community at a young age. He now lives on the border of Virginia and West Virginia, where the two state governments argue over who is responsible for maintaining the road. The Environmental Working Group, a nonprofit dedicated to researching and educating the public on environmental issues, published many of those documents online for the public to see. Some of the footage he had never seen before that night, including testimonies from several DuPont employees. “My mom knew what was up,” Bailey said. “She knew what the links were. My grandpa had made notes of my blood level. She knew she had evidence. We went back to talk to some lawyers and pretty much had doors shut in our face. So, we kind of just let it go. At the point, I am seven, eight, nine years old and I’ve got half a nose. I’d probably already had 15 to 20 surgeries on my face.” As his children grow up, Bailey hopes to pass on the same resiliency that his parents taught him. Bailey is one of the lead figures in the documentary The Devil We Know, which tells the story of the contamination of the Parkersburg community and the subsequent DuPont cover up. Studies done by the Centers for Disease Control under the Department of Health and Human Services found these “forever chemicals” in the blood of nearly every American. While Bailey participated in the medical study, the panel determined there was not enough of a significant sample size to link his deformities with the chemical. But each time a new article was released, or documentary premiered, nothing seemed to happen at the institutional level. “One of the reasons that we know a lot about the health effects of these chemicals are because of that original trial in Parkersburg, West Virginia,” said David Andrews, a senior scientist with the Environmental Working Group. “One of the unique agreements that came out of that trial was that DuPont paid for a scientific study, as well as monitoring of the surrounding community. Just over 70,000 people were studied. They measured the blood levels of PFOA and then they looked at health outcomes. These studies led to probable link reports where the higher concentrations were linked to a number of specific health outcomes.” From 2005 to 2013, the C8 Science Panel studied people in six water districts in the Mid-Ohio Valley for links between exposure to the PFOA chemical and a number of diseases. The panel determined that high cholesterol, ulcerative colitis, thyroid disease, testicular cancer, kidney cancer, and pregnancy-induced hypertension could all be linked to exposure to C8. At several points after the class-action suit, he thought the story of Dupont and C8 would break big time on the national scene. He sat down for countless interviews with 20/20, The Intercept, The Huffington Post, and BBC News, as well as several mini documentaries. “Carbon-fluorine bonds are incredibly sturdy, and they don’t break down under any normal environmental process,” Andrews said. “Once these chemicals are released into the environment, they are essentially there forever. When released into the ground, released into the water, it will be there for years, centuries, millennia. They will spread out over time, but because of how potent they are at incredibly low concentrations, that may actually make the problem much worse.” Without a concrete plan moving forward at the institutional level, individuals like Bailey are continuing to speak up about the harmful effects of these chemicals in our water. “Since the deformities were not found as part of the conclusion of that study, I waived my right to pursue any type of litigation against DuPont,” he said. “I’ve never expected to get a dime from DuPont. I don’t expect to get a dime from DuPont. That’s not what drives me. People have lost so much. I’m sitting here today. I’m healthy. I’ve got a healthy wife, a healthy kid. That’s more to me than anything.” Hitting the National News Unlike some of the smaller documentaries Bailey participated in, production for The Devil We Know lasted around three years. In that time, the Baileys welcomed a son. “This was worth it, every long night of filming,” he said. “I look back over my life and it was even worth it going through the struggles that I did just to be able to share my story. I’m a Christian believer and this kind of affirmed my faith that we all go through things for a reason. We all have to be a testimony. We all have to understand that we don’t always have it the worst off. There’s always someone else. But we still need to speak up, be the light, and do what we can.” In February, the EPA released an action plan on fluorinated chemicals. “With where we’re at today with the EPA, I don’t have any hope,” Bailey said. “There is nothing being done. There are no federal standards against the chemicals unless it’s poison gas. If it can be consumed and not kill you, we’re going to allow it. It’s not going to change until we hold people to a higher standard. Unfortunately, the issue with that is one person doesn’t think that they can do it by themselves and it doesn’t matter. That’s where our mentality has to change. My single action, my individual actions will make a difference.” Sue Bailey worked at the Parkersburg plant with the C8 waste while she was pregnant with her third child. When Bucky Bailey was born in January 1981, he had similar birth defects to his nose and eye that were found in the rats. There are known carcinogens (C8) in your frying pan, dental floss, and favorite outdoor jacket. Documentary lead Bucky Bailey fights for his family’s health—and yours. In 2001, attorney Rob Bilott brought a class-action suit against DuPont on behalf of residents in the area. During the discovery phase of the trial, thousands of documents came out about what DuPont and 3M knew about the chemical. However, Bailey continues to speak out about the issue. A few years later, the Bailey family moved away from the Parkersburg area. But Sue Bailey kept thinking about the link between working at the DuPont plant and her son. “There were times that I thought I was at my breaking point, but God had other plans,” he said. “There were times when I thought that my life wasn’t worth living, to be honest. I had so many battles, but my parents pushed and pulled me. They gave me the support that I need. I hope that’s what I’ve done for them. For them to be able to have a voice no matter what and to speak up for others.” Bailey was newly married when he learned about the investigation and suit. He remembered his mother talking about the link between C8 and his deformities, something he hadn’t focused on in his childhood. “From ages 10 to 22, my concern was getting past these surgeries,” he said. “I had surgeries that were in excess of eight hours where 120 stitches were put in my face at one time. Rib cartilage was taken out. Balloons in my forehead to stretch my skin. So, at that point, I wasn’t really worried about DuPont. I was worried about questions like: Am I going to be able to go to school in the fall? Am I going to be able to be normal? Am I going to be able to have a girlfriend?” For more than 50 years, the company released the byproduct of Teflon into the air and water surrounding the plant, knowing the health impacts the chemical could have on the environment and people living in the area. A study done by 3M, the original manufacturers of C8, found the chemical caused a variety of health problems in rats, including some birth defects. For most of his childhood, Bailey didn’t think much about confronting DuPont. “The revenge doesn’t drive me,” Bailey said. “I don’t want to sound like I don’t want justice for people, because I do. There has to be some justice for these people. I’m fine with not taking another step towards DuPont for myself. I’m not okay with hearing about chemical dumping in my country. I’m not okay with hearing this chemical is in the water in the Cape Fear River. That’s not okay to me and that drives me more each day to spread the word. I’ve got a beautiful son and a daughter on the way. They’re going to have to live in this world and drink water and take showers. That’s what drives me to never give up. To not let it fall by the wayside as it tends to do so easily.”